The influence of satiety mediators and dietary intake on food addiction in obese women prior to sleeve gastrectomy: a pilot study

Date

5/30/2017

Authors

Kim, Ashley

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Abstract

Food addiction (FA) can hinder the perceived value of food reward resulting in overconsumption of highly palatable food. The purpose of this study was to identify the impact of fasting leptin and ghrelin and dietary intake on FA in obese women before vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG). Seventeen morbidly obese females were recruited from Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas. The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) questionnaire, a 24­hour dietary recall, and fasting blood were obtained during a pre­surgery appointment. The prevalence of FA was 58.8% and females with FA had higher FA symptom scores compared to females without FA (p < 0.100). Diets of females with FA had a significantly higher percent total calories from fat compared to those without FA (U = 11.00, p < 0.100). In summary, a high prevalence of FA in obese female population was found and foods high in fat may lead to addictive eating behaviors.

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Keywords

Nutrition, Health and environmental sciences

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