Office-based sports gambling and pooling: Ethical dilemmas and worker productivity issues from fan and gender perspectives
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This study combines concepts of Stakeholder Theory, Uses and Gratifications Theory, and Consequentialism, Deontology, and Virtue ethical philosophical perspectives to investigate the potential impacts of office pooling and gambling activities on the workplace environment. The advent of accessibility to mobile devices with greater and faster web-based accessibility, marketing and e-commerce has exponentially grown, promoting online betting within the office as well. The model consisted of frequency of Internet use, social networks, and perceptions of organizational productivity, individual motivations, gambling characteristics, social affects, and demographic information. These dimensions were broken down by operational issues associated with psychological commitment and behavioral commitment to office and online sports gambling activities, as well as fan-specific attitudes of worker productivity and cohesion issues of trustworthy and emotional attachments; all variables within an ethical framework. A series of hypotheses-testing procedures were performed on a sample of working professionals in an urban metropolitan area with a significant fan base to determine if significant ethical, employee productivity issues, and gender biases existed in terms of the impacts of fans' engagement in sports-related betting during working hours. An analysis of the statistical research results definitely points to the complexity of ethical orientation towards workplace gambling and productivity, perceived loss of productivity, enhanced employee cohesion, and inherent gender differences on the issue of sport-related office pooling. All 3 specific-research hypotheses were found to be statistical significant and relevant, with specific female and active user biases.