Quality of life as perceived by Hispanic/Latino migrant and seasonal workers in East Texas
Kincaid, Karen Owers
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In the spring of 2002, a qualitative research study was conducted with a Hispanic/Latino migrant and seasonal worker population in a small, rural East Texas community after contacting local healthcare providers who indicated that this population had many needs, few resources, and little was known about them. Four focus groups were conducted using an informal Hispanic community leader as the moderator. The sample population included 15 women and 6 men who lived and worked in the community. In this qualitative study, the following research questions were addressed: (1) What are the positive quality-of-life perceptions of Hispanic/Latino migrant and seasonal workers and their families? (2) What are the negative quality-of-life perceptions of Hispanic/Latino migrant and seasonal workers and their families? (3) What is the relative importance of these positive and negative quality-of-life aspects as perceived by Hispanic/Latino migrant and seasonal workers and their families? An analysis of the data, using the Miles and Huberman framework for qualitative analysis of focus group interview data, revealed seven themes that the sample population identified as important to their quality of life. These themes are rank ordered and include: (1) Healthcare Needs, (2) Concern Undocumented status, and (3) Somebody to Listen. Although the findings are not generalizable to a larger population, the findings will facilitate future studies being conducted with this population. Replication of this study would assist in validating the findings reported.