Gender-based violence in the internally-displaced Olilim community in Northeastern Uganda
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This community-based participatory research (CBPR) study examined the intersection of armed conflict and gender-based violence (GBV) in an internally-displaced community called Olilim, which is located in Northeastern Uganda. The research questions utilized in this study were: (1) How does the internally-displaced Olilim community experience and conceptualize GBV?; (2) How does armed conflict impact GBV?; and (3) What community-informed prevention and/or intervention strategies for GBV might emerge from the data? The researcher conducted nine focus group discussions and six key informant interviews. Together, the focus groups and informant interviews reflect the contributions of 78 participants. The data were analyzed following grounded theory methodology and applying a socioecological framework. Within-group and between-group comparisons were performed. Participants revealed 16 forms of GBV and 41 contributing variables to GBV. The most common form of GBV discussed was domestic, physical violence, which occurred following alcohol consumption that was paired with a relational trigger (e.g., the woman challenging the man or refusing him something). Armed conflict distally impacted GBV often via increased poverty. Participants most frequently discussed relational contributing variables. Participants identified 20 outcomes of GBV and most commonly discussed separation of families, physical effects, and psychological effects. Participants noted individual outcomes most frequently, but discussed relational outcomes most consistently. Numerous strategies for the prevention and response of GBV are outlined. Implications for theory, practice, and training are reviewed.