Biomechanical effect of therapeutic shoes
The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not Orthofeet® Biofit and Orthofeet® Dress therapeutic shoes provided biomechanical benefits compared to Danskin® Now. Twenty participants (eight women and twelve men) walked at self-paced speed across a walkway with two embedded force plates. Both in-shoe plantar pressure and gait kinematics and kinetics in the sagittal plane were collected. Therapeutic footwear showed significant effects on gait kinetics and kinematics at the ankle joint level and the effects diminished towards more proximal joints (i.e. knee and hip joints). Therapeutic footwear altered the plantar pressure distribution with increased peak pressure and Pressure-time integral (PTI) under the big toe, slightly reduced peak pressure and PTIs under 1st metatarsal, reduced peak pressure and PTIs under the medial heel. The outcomes of the study might be useful and helpful for both clinical practitioners and consumers when choosing therapeutic footwear.