A comparison of perceived self-efficacy and learner satisfaction between human patient and standardized patient simulations
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The professions of nursing and nursing education are experiencing nursing, faculty and clinical site shortages, as well as increased pressure to improve patient safety. Simulation, utilized in health education and other professions, is increasingly being employed in nursing schools to address these shortages. This descriptive post-test only study compared perceived self-efficacy and learner satisfaction between 91 undergraduate nursing students participating in human patient simulator (n =51) and standardized patient (n =40) simulations. At the end of their respective simulations, students completed the Educational Session Satisfaction and Self-Efficacy tools, and a demographic sheet. Data analysis included descriptive statistics, t-test, and Fisher's exact test. The human patient simulator students were statistically more self-efficacious than the standardized patient students (p =.038). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups when measuring learner satisfaction ( p =.841). Future research is needed to evaluate these instructional methodologies utilized by nurse and health educators.