Effects of teaching on coping behaviors of family members of schizophrenic patients
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Coping is a complex combination of thoughts and actions used by individuals to deal with real or perceived stress, and one potentially stressful situation is living in a family with a person who has a schizophrenic illness. This study was designed to investigate the effects of teaching on the effective coping behaviors of those family members. The relationship between the number of psychiatric hospitalizations of the persons diagnosed with schizophrenia and the coping behaviors of their family members was also examined. Participants of this study were 40 family members of patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia who were admitted to a southeast Texas hospital. Subjects were divided equally into two groups, experimental and control. Subjects in the experimental group received structured teaching regarding schizophrenia, and those in the control group received no instructions. The Personal Inventory Questionnaire (PIQ) was used to obtain demographic data, while the Folkman and Lazarus Revised Ways of Coping Scales (RWCS) was used as pre- and posttest measures of effective coping behaviors. Analysis of variance with repeated measures and Spearman rank coefficient correlation were used to analyze data from the RWCS. The level of significance was set at $p\le.05.$ Findings indicated that (1) structured teaching did not significantly improve effective coping behaviors of family members of persons diagnosed with schizophrenia and (2) no significant relationship existed between the number of psychiatric hospitalizations of the schizophrenic patients and the effective coping behaviors of their family members.