Variables predictive of program and NCLEX success for associate degree nursing students
Percoco, Thelma A.
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In order to evaluate the influence of selected performance characteristics on successful completion of an associate degree in nursing program (ADN) and success on the NCLEX-RN, a retrospective study reviewed records of 177 students admitted to an ADN program from 1991 to 1997. Data collection included demographic variables, course grades in pharmacology and psychology, GPAs of biology and English courses, and total numbers of remedial courses taken. Dependent variables were successful completion of the program and the NCLEX-RN. Descriptive statistics were used for the demographic data, means and standard deviations for course grades and GPAs, and logistic regression to determine if there were any relationships between dependent and independent variables. Logistic regression revealed that psychology (p < 0.01) course grades, pharmacology (p > 0.05) course grades, and biology GPA (p > 0.05) were predictors of program success. This model correctly predicted program success 76.89 of the time. Pharmacology grade (p > 0.008) was the only predictor of NCLEX RN success. This model using pharmacology classified those successful on the NCLEX-RN at a rate of 78%. Participation in remedial courses was not predictive of student ability to complete the program nor to be successful on the licensure exam. Findings indicate that general education courses demonstrated relationships to success in the program; however, general education courses did not demonstrate relationships with success on the NCLEX-RN. Pharmacology, a nursing prerequisite, was the only course that demonstrated a relationship with both dependent variables.