An investigation of the effect of rhythmic movement on patients with chronic schizophrenia
Gauger, Lois Anne
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This study investigates whether mood, attention and concentration, gross motor skills, and social interaction can be stimulated in people diagnosed with schizophrenia through a program of rhythmic movement to music. A group of ten patients with chronic schizophrenia, five male and five female, participated in a six week program of rhythmic movement. The activities included breathing and relaxation, body awareness, rhythmic movement, and group interaction and creative movement. The progressive exercises were accompanied by drum, improvised keyboard music, and selected recorded music. Data were collected by self evaluation of mood, a beat coordination test, attention and concentration as shown by participation in the exercises, an evaluation of ward behaviors by the nurses, and video tapes. A comparison of pre- and post evaluations reveal significant improvement in each of these areas suggesting the need to include rhythmic movement to music in the therapy for patients with chronic schizophrenia.