Music and music vibration plus relaxation/imagery for pain relief with the independent elderly
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This study's purpose was to determine the effects of a music therapy treatment protocol including music listening, music vibration (using the Music Vibration Table), and a dynamic relaxation imagery protocol (DRIP), incorporating a combination of progressive muscle relaxation and imagery. Volunteer retirement village resident subjects (N = 32) were recruited, and randomly divided into two groups; placebo - receiving a 20 Hz. sinus tone, and experimental - receiving the DRIP treatment. Pre and post McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ) and Spielberger State Anxiety Inventory (STAI) measured subjects' pain and anxiety levels. Ten centimeter Visual Analog Scales (VAS) were used to measure amount of pain prior to, and amount of pain relief after session. According to the MPQ and VAS subjects in both groups exhibited very little pain at the pre-session measurement. A t-test revealed significant char)ge for both group's pre to post scores on both the MPQ and StAI.